Augmented Reality
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Augmented Reality
Use the future to build the present
Augmented Reality
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5.5SyntheticBiology5.4Science ofthe Originsof Life5.3FutureEconomics5.2Future ofEducation5.1ComplexSystemsScience4.4Democracy-affirming Technologies4.1Science-basedDiplomacy4.2Advances inScience Diplomacy4.3Digital Technologiesand Conflict3.7InfectiousDiseases3.6Solar RadiationModification3.5OceanStewardship3.4SpaceResources3.3Future FoodSystems3.2WorldSimulation3.1Decarbonisation2.6FutureTherapeutics2.5Organoids2.4ConsciousnessAugmentation2.3RadicalHealthExtension2.2HumanApplicationsof GeneticEngineering2.1CognitiveEnhancement1.6CollectiveIntelligence1.5AugmentedReality1.4BiologicalComputing1.3Brain-inspiredComputing1.2QuantumTechnologies1.1AdvancedAIHIGHEST ANTICIPATIONPOTENTIAL
5.5SyntheticBiology5.4Science ofthe Originsof Life5.3FutureEconomics5.2Future ofEducation5.1ComplexSystemsScience4.4Democracy-affirming Technologies4.1Science-basedDiplomacy4.2Advances inScience Diplomacy4.3Digital Technologiesand Conflict3.7InfectiousDiseases3.6Solar RadiationModification3.5OceanStewardship3.4SpaceResources3.3Future FoodSystems3.2WorldSimulation3.1Decarbonisation2.6FutureTherapeutics2.5Organoids2.4ConsciousnessAugmentation2.3RadicalHealthExtension2.2HumanApplicationsof GeneticEngineering2.1CognitiveEnhancement1.6CollectiveIntelligence1.5AugmentedReality1.4BiologicalComputing1.3Brain-inspiredComputing1.2QuantumTechnologies1.1AdvancedAIHIGHEST ANTICIPATIONPOTENTIAL

Emerging Topic:

1.5Augmented Reality

    Associated Sub-Fields

    People's digital experiences have become a central part of their daily lives, thanks to the advent of personal computers, smartphones and social media. Now real and virtual worlds are poised to become even more tightly enmeshed as augmented reality (AR) technology advances.

    AR refers to the use of display technologies, usually embedded in smart glasses, to overlay digital information and virtual objects onto a user's view of the real world. AR is part of a broader extended reality (XR) ecosystem1 but its blending of real and virtual makes it qualitatively different and more impactful from other XR technologies like virtual reality and telepresence. The technology is already finding applications in education,2 workplace training,3 and industry.4 In combination with data streams from the expanding Internet of Things,5 AR will create an intuitive new layer of information for workers — allowing them to easily and continuously check the status of industrial processes, for example, or providing navigation tools when operating in unfamiliar surroundings.

    The ultimate promise of AR is a fundamental transition in the way people interact with computers. Everything people currently use their smartphones for may eventually be beamed directly onto AR glasses that augment their field of view. These glasses can provide an always-on overlay of digital information, mediated by AI that personalises what is displayed to the user's needs. As hardware improves it could also become possible to seamlessly switch between augmented and virtual reality, opening a door to the “Metaverse”, which — despite the hype — should be taken seriously as a likely future phenomenon.6 The blurring of the boundaries between the physical and digital worlds that this entails holds unknown and potentially enormous implications for society.

    Selection of GESDA best reads and further key reports

    PwC's “Seeing is Believing” report7 predicts that the combined XR ecosystem could be worth $1.5 trillion by 2030 and highlights key areas of growth. An overview of the XR landscape in Applied Sciences provides a summary of the latest research and potential future directions for the field,8 while another paper in the Journal of Physics provides the Chinese perspective on the state of AR research.9 Meta's “AR/VR: New dimensions of connection” report gives crucial insights into the strategy of a leading XR technology company.10 And the Future of Privacy Forum has provided a useful guide to the potential risks to privacy and autonomy presented by XR.11

    Emerging Topic:

    Anticipation Potential

    Augmented Reality

    Sub-Fields:

    Augmented reality hardware
    Augmented experiences
    AR platforms
    Human factors of AR
    Real and virtual worlds are becoming increasingly intertwined as augmented reality (AR) technology advances. Significant work across disciplines is already ongoing, and this convergence is the driving force behind the need for anticipation in this area. The relatively low awareness of the impact AR could have on human psychology and social relations suggests this is an area that requires particular attention.

    GESDA Best Reads and Key Resources