Use the future to build the present
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1Quantum Revolution& Advanced AI2HumanAugmentation3Eco-Regeneration& Geo-Engineering4Science& Diplomacy1.11.21.31.42.12.22.32.43.13.23.33.43.54.14.24.34.44.5HIGHEST ANTICIPATIONPOTENTIALAdvancedArtificial IntelligenceQuantumTechnologiesBrain-inspiredComputingBiologicalComputingCognitiveEnhancementHuman Applications of Genetic EngineeringRadical HealthExtensionConsciousnessAugmentation DecarbonisationWorldSimulationFuture FoodSystemsSpaceResourcesOceanStewardshipComplex Systems forSocial EnhancementScience-basedDiplomacyInnovationsin EducationSustainableEconomicsCollaborativeScience Diplomacy
1Quantum Revolution& Advanced AI2HumanAugmentation3Eco-Regeneration& Geo-Engineering4Science& Diplomacy1.11.21.31.42.12.22.32.43.13.23.33.43.54.14.24.34.44.5HIGHEST ANTICIPATIONPOTENTIALAdvancedArtificial IntelligenceQuantumTechnologiesBrain-inspiredComputingBiologicalComputingCognitiveEnhancementHuman Applications of Genetic EngineeringRadical HealthExtensionConsciousnessAugmentation DecarbonisationWorldSimulationFuture FoodSystemsSpaceResourcesOceanStewardshipComplex Systems forSocial EnhancementScience-basedDiplomacyInnovationsin EducationSustainableEconomicsCollaborativeScience Diplomacy

Introduction:

Acknowledgements

The building of the 2021 GESDA Science Breakthrough Radar was possible thanks to the engagement of a large number of institutions, networks and individuals. This enabled the development of a product of sufficient breadth and depth to become a useful tool for multilateralism.

We would like to thank here all those involved, with particular attention to:

  • The Fondation pour Genève as main strategic partner of the Science Breakthrough Radar.
  • The Swiss Confederation and the State of Geneva as GESDA founders and key supporters.

The members of the Scientific Advisory Board:

Sir Peter Gluckman

Chair of the Advisory Group of the International Network of Government Science Advice (INGSA)President-elect International Science Council

Michael O. Hengartner

PresidentETH Board

Michel Mayor

Representative of the Fondation pour Genève, Professor Emeritus and 2019 Physics Nobel Prize LaureateUniversity of Geneva

Marie-Laure Salles

DirectorGraduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Academic partners:

The Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology, the University of Geneva, and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies as well as the community of academics from Switzerland for their engagement, support and time investment in discussing science and technology trends and breakthroughs at 5, 10 and 25 years.

The open science publisher Frontiers for allowing us to disseminate the breakthrough radar survey to a global network of scientists.

The project team:

Led by the GESDA Executive Team with the advice of The Content Engine (Geneva) and their partners for critical collaboration across the project including methodology development, writing, editing, digital platform concept and delivery, summit conception and operational support:

Michael Hanley

The Content Engine

Sumit Paul-Choudhury

Alternity

Nicholas Davis

Swift Partners

Carolina de Jong

EVA

Michael Brooks

Scott David

Shapeable

We extend our gratitude to their team members and colleagues.

Martin Müller

Executive Director of the Academic ForumGESDA

GESDA would like to gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the following individuals.

For the Debates section:

The contributors to the Philosophical Compass

Debate 1: The Philosophical Compass – Three Questions for Tomorrow

The vision of GESDA — to use the future to build the present — and the anticipation of scientific breakthroughs at five, ten and 25 years raise a series of essential questions, ultimately for an improved human experience of life, and on a healthy planet.

Monique Canto-Sperber

Former Director of the École Normale SupérieureRépublique des Savoirs

Marius Dorobantu

Theological AnthropologyVrije Universiteit Amsterdam

John Dryzek

Professor at the Centre for Deliberative Democracy and Global GovernanceUniversity of Canberra

Gabriele Dürbeck

Professor for Literature and Cultural StudiesUniversität Vechta

Mark Hunyadi

Professor for Moral, Social and Political PhilosophyUniversité Catholique de Louvain

John R. McNeill

Professor for Environmental HistoryGeorgetown University

Eric Salobir

PresidentOPTIC Network

Wendell Wallach

ScholarYale University Interdisciplinary Centre for Bioethics

The editors of the pulse of society

Debate 2: The Pulse of Society on Three Questions for Tomorrow

Taking the pulse of society is an attempt to listen what citizens are saying, building on a dataset of 11 million social media posts and over 6 million news articles and blogs.

Debate 3: The Pulse of Society on Frontier Issues

Taking the pulse of society is an attempt to listen what citizens are saying, building on a dataset of 11 million social media posts and over 6 million news articles and blogs.

Nicola Forster

PresidentSwiss Society for the Common Good

Valentine von Toggenburg-Bulliard

Global ShaperWorld Economic Forum

The team from the Center on the Longview that contributed to the Pulse of Society, in particular:

Paul-Alexander Bures

Lovis Heinrich

For the Trends section:

The authors of the breakthrough briefs on the 18 scientific emerging topics:

Rüdiger L. Urbanke

Professor of Communication TheoryEPFL

Matthias Troyer

Distinguished ScientistMicrosoft

Steve Furber

Professor of Computer EngineeringUniversity of Manchester

Yulia Sandamirskaya

Senior ResearcherIntel

Ángel Goñi-Moreno

Head of the Biocomputation LabTechnical University of Madrid (UPM)

Olaf Blanke

Bertarelli Foundation Chair of Cognitive NeuroprostheticsEPFL

Samira Kiani

Co-FounderSafeGen Therapeutics

Brian Kennedy

Distinguished Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of MedicineNational University of Singapore

Giulio Tononi

Professor / DirectorWisconsin Institute for Sleep and Consciousness

Gerald Haug

Professor for Climate GeochemistryETHZ

Berend Smit

Professor of Chemical EngineeringEPFL

Wendy Queen

Assistant Professor and Director of the Laboratory for Functional Inorganic MaterialsEPFL Valais Wallis

Neil Davies

Director, Gump South Pacific Research Station on Moorea (French Polynesia)University of California

Ralph Graichen

Director of Food and Nutrition and Consumer Care / Associate ProfessorAgency for Science Technology and Research

Adriana Marais

DirectorFoundation for Space Development Africa

Robert Blasiak

ResearcherStockholm Resilience Centre

Jean-Pierre Danthine

ProfessorEPFL

Dirk Helbing

Professor of Computational Social ScienceETHZ

Michael Ambuhl

Professor at the Chair of Negotiation and Conflict ManagementETHZ

Nora Meier

Managing Director, ETH Zurich Swiss School of Public GovernanceETHZ

Nicolas Levrat

Professor and Director of the Global Studies InstituteUniversity of Geneva

Didier Wernli

Senior Researcher/LecturerUniversity of Geneva

Marga Gual Soler

FounderSciDipGLOBAL

The authors of invited contributions:

Invited Contributions

The invited contributions explore areas of science with high anticipation potential that will be further developed in future editions of the Science Breakthrough Radar.

Johan Rochel

Co-FounderEthix – Lab for Innovation Ethics

Didier Queloz

Professor in AstronomyUniversity of Geneva

Ioan Negrutiu

Michel Serres InstituteENS de Lyon

Janos Pasztor

Executive DirectorCarnegie Climate Governance Initiative

Riel Miller

Head of Futures LiteracyUNESCO

Myriam Dunn Cavelty

Senior Lecturer for Security StudiesETHZ

Anja Kaspersen

Senior Fellow, Artificial Intelligence & Equality Initiative (AIEI)Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs

Camino Kavanagh

Nonresident ScholarCarnegie Endowment for International Peace

The 543 members of the global scientific community that contributed via survey, workshops and interviews:

For the Opportunities section:

Opportunities

The scientific emerging topics and breakthroughs at 5, 10 and 25 years presented in the Science Breakthrough Radar have been identified, discussed and described by scientists in their respective fields.

Federal Councillor Ignazio Cassis

Vice President and Head of the Department of Foreign AffairsSwiss Federal Council

Michael Møller

former Under Secretary-General of the UN, Director-General of the UN Office in Geneva from 2013 to 2019Chairman, GESDA Diplomacy Forum

Ulrike Till

Director IP and Frontier Technologies DivisionWorld Intellectual Property Organization

Joseph D’Cruz

Special Advisor, Strategic Planning and Innovation United Nations Development Programme

Nadia Isler

Director of the SDG Lab United Nations Office in Geneva

Federica du Pasquier

Strategic Advisor to the President International Committee of the Red Cross