Prof. Besson holds the Chair “Droit international des institutions” at the Collège de France in Paris and is Part-Time Professor of Public International Law and European Law at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland). Samantha Besson has been a Visiting Professor at the Universities of Zurich, Lausanne and Lisbon and at Duke, Harvard and Penn Law Schools and a Research Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. She is a member of the Scientific Committee of the Institut d’Études Avancées de Nantes and of the Board of the Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences and was the first Delegate for Human Rights of the Swiss Academies of Sciences. She has taught in various capacities at the Hague Academy of International Law and is the co-chair of the ILA Study Group on the International Law of Regional Organizations. Samantha Besson’s research interests lie at the intersection of general international law and legal philosophy, and in particular: international and European human rights law (including the human right to science); international and European sources and responsibility law; domestic, regional and EU external relations law; international and European citizenship law and democratic theory. Her latest monograph is La due diligence en droit international, Recueil des cours de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye, Vol. 409, The Hague: Brill 2020.